Understanding Different Shooting Modes
Most of the people believe that DSLR Cameras are difficult to handle or they are bit confusing,until they mastered themselves with all different shooting modes.Once you gone through all shooting or exposure modes,you will definitely fell in love with your DSLR.
Mostly beginners start shooting with DSLR at Full Auto mode.They find it easy to click pictures without even bothering about Aperture, Shutter Speed or White Balance settings.But Full Auto Mode has its own limitations,due which we have to understand all shooting modes of our DSLR Camera.
Here we will go through the all shooting modes which all DSLR and point & shoot camera have.
Full Auto Mode is the first choice of beginners in Photography.Anyone own DSLR usually turn shooting mode dial to full auto mode,unless they have good knowledge about Manual or other shooting modes.
At Full Auto Mode camera focuses automatically and sets the Aperture,Shutter Speed,White Balance,ISO settings automatically.Built in Flash also works automatically in full auto mode.Anybody can easily take pictures at this mode.Auto Mode takes care of everything.
Auto Mode has its own limitations as well.
When we use camera Full Auto mode it might not work good because when you press shutter a built in flash will pop up or camera will misread the exposure settings which in turn will give you shaky or burnt image in result.
Portrait Mode is used to fill your frame with face.
To click any portrait best option to click through portrait mode.Portrait modes takes into focus the main subject and choose large aperture to get shallow depth of field.Main subject will be in focus and background will be blurred.
If the subject is backlit the pop up flash will burst automatically to fill the backlit subject.Portrait mode usually opted to shoot single subject in your frame.
Portrait mode is best to shoot in daylight usually .To get best out of Portrait Mode go under the sun light or normal day light .you will get best portrait as clicked by professional photographers.
Rest depends upon your camera or lens models too. However,Portrait mode takes care to enhance skin tones and soften skin texture automatically.
Landscape mode is always the best option for traveller,who wants to capture scenic beauty of any landscape they travel across.
Under landscape mode camera uses small aperture (High in f Nos.) to get the sharp image from forground to background.
Landscape mode is considered best under day light conditions where the whole subject is well lit.
Shooting a landscape consists of lot observance and mastery of composition,lack of which you cannot capture scenic beauty of any landscape.
Shooting a landscape consists of use of different types of filters also which we will discuss later under this site.
Macro mode is used to capture the tiny subjects like shooting butterfly sitting on the flower or any tiny insects like that.Macro mode works good under brightly lit conditions and give shallow depth of field.
Shooting under macro mode will take in considrations several factors”
- Focal Length of Lens.
- Lighting Conditions.
- Use of Tripod.
If you are shooting macro subjects under low light conditions then use of tripod is must to avoid the camera shake.
Sports Mode is used to capture Sports activities
Sports photography is all about the freezing the movement of the actions performed under the game by pressing the shutter of the camera.
Under sports mode camera automatically choose the higher shutter speed to freeze the action in the game.
Shutter speed under sports mode usually goes up 1/500 or 1/1000 of a second or higher.
Under sports mode or normally shooting sports under manual mode you must take consecutive shots under continuous shooting mode.
Night mode also called as Night Portrait mode.
As depicted in the logo of night mode a person with star depicts portrait in the night.This is ideal choice for beginners to learn about night photography without hustling with the exposure settings like shutter speed,aperture,iso etc.
If you want to capture the mood of lighting in the background and want to frame the portrait in the night then Night portrait mode is best option to choose from the dial.
Night portrait mode allows you to capture naturally lit subject in the night.It do not blown out the subject in the night as in the case of auto mode.
In the night mode camera flash will measure the subject reading and burst the required light over the subject.
Camera sensor will use widest aperture and slower shutter as a result of which camera shake may blur the picture little bit but always adviseable to use tripod while shooting at Night Portrait Mode.
Flash mode is only takes into control the burst of flash whether you want to turn it off or on.
Flash mode is full automatic modes that ensure flash will not burst,unless you turn it on.
Otherwise in other modes like Auto mode somtime flash blown out the subject and you cannot turn it off.
Program mode also called as ‘P’ mode.
Program mode is generally confusing for beginner as they think it as a full auto mode.Under Program mode camera will have control over shutter speed and Aperture only ,both will work automatically.
Other settings like ISO,White Balance,Flash you can control yourself.
Shutter priority mode also known as ‘Tv’ mode.
Under this mode you choose to set camera shutter speed and let the camera thinks about aperture control.
As our priority would be to set desired shutter speed.
Beginners in photography always thinks about.’When to use Shutter Priority Mode ?????
Here is the answer,
Suppose you are shooting fast moving subject and want to freeze the motion you set higher shutter speed and let the camera to control the aperture accordingly.
These two picture clearly shows the impact of shutter speed over the movement of the subject.
Picture in the left showing motion blur effect in the picture which comes out because of slower shutter speed.Under Tv mode if u set slower shutter speed at fast moving subject let the camera set the aperture according to available light then you will get pictures like this showing blurry effect.
Picture in right showing the freeze of the fast running car due to fast shutter speed like 1/2000.
Aperture Priority Mode also known as ‘Av’ mode.
Under Aperture Priority mode you need to set the Aperture and let the camera thinks about shutter speed.
Our priority would be to set aperture then camera will automatically choose shutter speed.
Where to choose Aperture Priority mode ????
As we know if we want to get shallow depth of field then we choose large aperture like 1.8 or 2.8 (depends upon lens model).Large aperture always give blurred background.
Other thing to choose Av mode if you want to shoot still subject like flowers,closeup portraits etc then you want to make the background blur then choose aperture priority mode you will get stunning results with background almost blown out provided you choose largest aperture.
Some people got confused between Aperture Priority and Shutter Priority mode.They mingled with what to choose ????
You need to remember simple formula that is if you are shooting still subject then you go for Aperture Priority mode and if you are shooting moving subject then you must choose shutter priority mode.
That Mas it! So Simple yea.
Before turning shooting mode dial to Manual mode you must understand basic elements of exposure settings like
Aperture,Shutter Speed,ISO,White Balance
After mastering these elements you can play with Manual mode without any confusion.Under Manual mode you have to choose camera settings according to your subject.
Whether Your subject is
Dark or Bright,
Still or Moving,
You have to set aperture ,shutter speed,ISO accordingly.
Hope you have clearly understand the functionality of Different shooting Modes.
Each mode itself teaches us how a camera works in different condition.You just need to observe what exposure settings camera takes while shooting in different conditions,that mean you need to observe how camera uses the chemistry of aperture and shutter speed.
Once you mastered themselves with each shooting mode,you can easily start shooting with manual mode.
Note:All Images are Taken from Pexels.com